Catalan Laws Suspended and Overturned by the Spanish Constitutional Court

The Constitutional Court might be considered by many the main culprit in the Catalan crisis. This politically appointed court was the body that overturned the Catalan Statute of Autonomy which had previously been approved by the Catalan Parliament, the Spanish Congress, and in a referendum. It was following this ruling that the independence movement went from marginal to mainstream in Catalan society. This court has been very pro-active in terms of outlawing all legal initiatives from the Catalan Parliament aiming to hold a consultation or a referendum on independence.

Additionally, it has suspended, or ruled unconstitutional, many other Catalan laws, whether environmental, economic, political or social in nature. Following is a short list of the most recent highlights:

  • Audiovisual affairs Act (2012)
  • Commercial opening hours Act (2014)
  • Taxation on banks Act (2012)
  • Public ombudsman Act (2015)
  • Non-binding popular consultations Act (2014)
  • Taxation on internet service providers Act (2015)
  • Catalan consumption code (2015)
  • Commerce reform Act (2015)
  • Catalan Tax Office Act (2015)
  • Combatting energy poverty Act (2016)
  • Taxation on empty housing Act (2016)
  • Local government Act (2016)
  • Prohibition of new hypermarkets in non-urban areas Act (2016)
  • Effective gender equality Act (2016)
  • Prohibition of fracking Act (2016)
  • Taxation on nuclear energy Act (2016)
  • Accommodation emergencies Act (evictions) (2015)
  • Prohibition of bullfighting in Catalonia Act (2016). This Law had been enacted by the Catalan parliament in 2010.

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