Remember a few years ago, when Estonia started allowing people and companies register as e-citizens, allowing them to have a digital base in the...
Throughout the ongoing struggle between Spain and Catalonia secessionists have systematically stated their case in terms of democratic legitimacy, as opposed to the language...
The ballot box, however, has returned a verdict that leaves things broadly unchanged. The increase in participation from 75% to 82% was expected to be the result of a greater mobilisation of the Spanish unionist vote. To an extent this has occurred. Spanish “constitutionalist” parties have increased their vote share from 39.1% in 2015 to 43.5% in 2017. The independence camp, however, has also increased its total number of voters in line with the increase in voter turnout, and as a percentage of total votes has dropped only from 47.7% to 47.5%.
if the legislators who decided on the constitutional text considered it necessary to be explicit about “issuing instructions” how would they not be equally explicit in the text about carrying out actions of a far more drastic nature, such as dissolving parliament, dismissing a democratically elected government and taking direct control of the region? In fact, when the constitution was drafted, an amendment to the article granting the government the capacity to do exactly these things was rejected. Therefore, it should be assumed that dissolving parliaments and dismissing governments are not covered by “issuing instructions” to regional governments.
Keep track of all key events in the Catalan crisis since September 2017.
The following list of Catalan laws annulled by the Spanish Constitutional Court should dispel any myths about the extent of Catalonia's self-government prior to the current crisis. The Catalan parliament has striven to adopt progressive social and environmental legislation in recent years only to be prevented time and again from progressing in these fields.
A summary of the key milestones in the Catalan independence process following the Constitutional Court ruling which sparked it in 2010.
Catalan culture and a sense of belonging with a strong political component have developed and struggled to survive over the centuries, often being driven underground in the face of violent suppression by a far more powerful Spanish nationalism. These grievances are a key component of Catalan sense of nationhood, as is language. Catalonia today constitutes a densely articulated economic, political, social and cultural world of its own, which is closely intertwined with, but also distinct from, (the rest of) Spain.